Professor Anu Ramaswami is the Charles M. Denny, Jr., Chair of Science, Technology, and Public Policy at the Humphrey School of Public Affairs and a professor bioproducts and biosystems engineering in the College of Food, Agricultural, and Natural Sciences at the University of Minnesota. Ramaswami is among the leading scholars on sustainable urban infrastructure and has seen her work adopted as policies and protocols for developing sustainable cities in the United States and internationally.
Ramaswami’s research spans environmental modeling, environmental technologies, industrial ecology, sustainable infrastructure design, urban systems analysis, and integration of science and technology with policy and planning for real-world implementation in communities. She has developed novel interdisciplinary education programs and resources in these diverse areas. She is the lead author of a graduate-level textbook on integrated environmental modeling.
Ramaswami received her B.S. in chemical engineering from the Indian Institute of Technology–Madras, India, and her M.S. and PhD in civil and environmental engineering from Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh. She serves as chair of the newly founded Sustainable Urban Systems section at the International Society of Industrial Ecology, and represents the United States in various international urban sustainability networks.
Papers on Sustainable Urban Systems
2012 Ramaswami, A., Weible, Main, D., Heikkila, T., et al. A Social-Ecological Infrastructural Systems (SEIS) Framework for Inter-Disciplinary Study of Sustainable City-Systems: An Integrative Curriculum Across Seven Major Disciplines. J. Industrial Ecology. Vol.16, Issue 6: 801-813, December 2012. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1530-9290.2012.00566.x/abstract
2013 Chavez, A. Ramaswami, A. “Articulating An Infrastructure Supply-Chain Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions Footprint for Cities: Mathematical Relationships and Policy Relevance”, Energy Policy. Vol. 54: 376-384. March 2013. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2012.10.037
2012 Ramaswami, A.; Bernard, M.; Chavez, A.; Hillman, T.; Whitaker, M.; Thomas; G.; Marshall, M. “Quantifying Carbon Mitigation Wedges in US Cities: Near-Term Strategy Analysis and Critical Review”, Environmental Science and Technology, 46 (7): 3629−3642. http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/es203503a?mi=yu4jyg&af=R&pageSize=20&searchText=PP
2012 Sperling, J.; Ramaswami, A. “Exploring Health Outcomes as a Motivator for Low-Carbon City Development: Implications for Infrastructure Interventions in Asian Cities”, Habitat International, 37: 113-123. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S019739751100110X
2011 Ramaswami, A.; Chavez, A.; Ewing-Thiel, E.; Reeve, K. “Two Approaches to Greenhouse Gas Emissions Accounting at the City-scale”, Environmental Science and Technology, 45(10): 4205-4206. http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/es201166n
2011 Chavez, A.; Ramaswami, A. Progress toward Low Carbon Cities: Approaches for Trans-boundary GHG Emissions’ Footprint-ing. Carbon Management, 2 (4): 471-482. http://dx.doi.org/10.4155/cmt.11.38
2010 Hillman, T.; Ramaswami, A. “Greenhouse Gas Emission Footprints and Energy Use Metrics for Eight US Cities”, Environmental Science and Technology, 44: 1902-1910. http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/es9024194
2008 Ramaswami, A., Hillman, T., Janson, B.; Reiner, M.; Thomas, G, “A Demand-Centered Hybrid Life Cycle Methodology for City-Scale Greenhouse Gas Inventories”, Environmental Science and Technology, 2008, 42(17): 6456 – 6461. http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/es702992q
Papers on Sustainable Urban Infrastructure
2012 Miller, L.; Ramaswami, A.; Ranjan, R. Contribution of Water and Wastewater Infrastructures to Urban Energy Metabolism and Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Cities in India. ASCE J. Environmental Engineering. E-publication Date: 01 October 2012. http://ascelibrary.org/doi/abs/10.1061/%28ASCE%29EE.1943-7870.0000661
2012 Liu, R., Durham, S.A., Rens, K.L. and Ramaswami, A. “Optimization of cementitious material content for sustainable concrete mixtures," ASCE Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering. 24(6): 745-753. http://ascelibrary.org/doi/abs/10.1061/(ASCE)MT.1943-5533.0000444
2012 Solis, A., Durham, S. A, Ramaswami, A. “Providing Stormwater Management Solutions in Rajkot, India: A Pervious Concrete System Demonstration.” International Journal of the Constructed Environment, Vol.2, Issue 3: 135-154. http://ijv.cgpublisher.com/product/pub.201/prod.105
2011 Kocman, S.; Guo, J.Y.C; Ramaswami, A. Waste Incorporated Sub-base for Porous Landscape Detention Basin Design, ASCE Journal of Environmental Engineering, 137: 928:937. http://cedb.asce.org/cgi/WWWdisplay.cgi?284048
2009 Guo, J. Y. C.; Kocman, S.; Ramaswami, A. Design of Two-Layered Porous Landscaping Detention Basins, ASCE Journal of Environmental Engineering, 135 (12): 1268-74. http://cedb.asce.org/cgi/WWWdisplay.cgi?171214
Papers on General Sustainability Concepts
2011 Ramaswami, A.; Main, D.; Bernard, M.; Chavez, A.; Davis, A.; Thomas, G.; Schnoor, K. Planning for low-carbon communities in US cities: a participatory process model between academic institutions, local governments and communities in Colorado. Carbon Management, 2(4): 397-411. (DOI: 10.4155/cmt.11.34) http://dx.doi.org/10.4155/cmt.11.34
2007 Mihelcic, J.R.; Zimmerman, J.B.; Ramaswami, A. “Integrating Developing World Knowledge into Global Discussions and Strategies for Sustainability, Part 1: Science and Technology; Environmental Science and Technology, 2007, 41(10): 3415-30. http://www.researchgate.net/publication/6289733_Integrating_developed_and_developing_world_knowledge_into_global_discussions_and_strategies_for_sustainability._1._Science_and_technology
2007 Ramaswami, A.; Zimmerman, J.B.; Mihelcic, J.R. “Integrating Developing World Knowledge into Global Discussions and Strategies for Sustainability, Part 2: Economics and Governance”, Environmental Science and Technology, 2007, 41(10): 3415-30. http://journals.ohiolink.edu/ejc/article.cgi?issn=0013936x&issue=v41i0010&article=3422_idadwkfs2eag
Editorials and Columns
2012 Ramaswami, A.; Chavez, A.; Chertow, M. Carbon Footprinting of Cities and Implications for Analysis of Urban Material and Energy Flows, Journal of Industrial Ecology, Special Issue on Sustainable Urban Systems, Vol.16, Issue 6: 783-785. December, 2012 (DOI: 10.1111/j.1530-9290.2012.00569.x) http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1530-9290.2012.00569.x/abstract
2012 Zborel, T.; Holland, B.; Thomas, G.; Baker, L.; Calhoun, K.; Ramaswami, A. Translating Research to Policy for Sustainable Cities: What Works and What Doesn’t? Journal of Industrial Ecology, Special Issue on Sustainable Urban Systems, Vol.16, Issue 6: 786-788. December, 2012 (DOI: 10.1111/j.1530-9290.2012.00569.x) http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1530-9290.2012.00565.x/abstract
In The Media
A commentary by professor Anu Ramaswami and PhD candidate Rahul Sharma, on how smart techologies can improve the lives of urban residents, was featured in this article on Mint, one of India's premium business news publications.
Professor Anu Ramaswami discusses her research on cities and environmental planning being done in China and India.